Conditions required for Cotton cultivation. Hot climate. Cotton. (v) Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth. When the cotton bolls mature, they burst open. Climate and Soil requirement for Cotton Production: The hot and moist climate is ideal for cotton farming. The cotton plant grows to a height of more than 1 metre. The growth of the cotton plant is very predictable under favorable moisture and temperature conditions. The share of Ganga delta contributes for about 85% of the World-wide Jute cultivation. (c) Soil:- Alluvial soil is best suited Region :- Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the two largest producers of sugarcane. Despite the global area devoted to cotton cultivation remaining constant for the past 70 years, cotton production has depleted and degraded the soil in many areas. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.The fiber is almost pure cellulose.Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. Tea grows well in the regions which receive rainfall in between 150 … OR. The possibilities of improving any Cotton plant for a better production per acre are almost unlimited. Explain the climatic conditions required for the production of cotton. Rainfall more than 85cm can destroy the crop. Ans. Another useful and more precise way to assess crop development relies on using daily temperatures during the season to monitor progress (Table 1). What climatic conditions are required for growing cotton? 2. The cotton bolls appear in about 6 months. Jute and cotton are fibre crops. It also requires 210 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth. In India, cotton is mainly cultivated in the states of Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. The ideal conditions for the production of cotton are: Climate: Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil.Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. Q60. Since Maharashtra has black soil and the climatic conditions so cotton grows well in Maharashtra. A perennial, cotton grows in tropical and subtropical locations. Due to climate, the growing areas are limited to a belt of 30° south and north from the equator (see Fig. Rainfall: 60-100 cm rainfallis essential for the cultivation ofcotton. Cotton Cultivation – Growing Cotton from Seed . d. Temperature- above 21 C . However, since we expect to take a fairly uniform and satisfactory production every year, we cultivate it as annual. b. e. Rainfall- 50 to 100cm (iii) It also requires 210 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth. It requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation. is one of the most important fibre producing plants. It grows well in the drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau. Grows well in alluvial soils. (i) Temperature : Cotton needs a warm climate. Cultivation. Heavy rainfall. Asked by Topperlearning User | 25th May, 2015, 03:04: PM. 4. Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil. 3.Annual rainfall of 50-100 cm ideal for cotton growth. This is the crop grown in the wheat producing area on the poor soil and in area of lower precipitation. The geographical conditions required for the cultivation of the cotton are as under: 1.Tropical and sub tropical humid climate. The main cotton-producing districts of Karnataka are Haveri, Dharwad, Gadag, Mysuru, Ballari, Raichur, Kalaburagi, Belagavi, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Koppal and Vijayapura. It is grown in black clayey soil with warm climate. Q.12. Climatic conditions required for their growth are: Cotton - Cotton requires high temperature, light rainfall, two hundred and ten frost-free days and bright sunshine for its growth. Cotton is the most important among the natural plant fibers and land for cotton cultivation covers large areas of the planet. Planting occurs in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. The Ganga delta […] (iv) Plantation agriculture is a type of commercial farming where only a single crop (like tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton) is grown. Favourable geographical conditions for cotton: a. To explain the economic importance of cotton cultivation, it can be explained in this way: Cotton In many countries cotton (Gossypium spp.) Processes involved in its cultivation. Well drained clayey soil rich in lime and phosphate is suitable for the growth of cotton … When its plant starts flowering, they give flowers of yellowish-white colour which turns red after few days. Expert Answer: Tea requires a temperature ranging from 21°C to 29°C. (iv) It’s a Kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to mature. It’s … By using a holistic approach, BCI aims to make cotton cultivation better for the people who produce it, better for the … Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. It grows best on black and alluvial soils. Although the geographical conditions required for its cultivation are similar to those for wheat, it has more tolerance for adverse environmental conditions. The geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton, the most important fibre crop of India are as follows : Cotton is a kharif crop and requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation, … The ideal rainfall of 60 to 100 cm is required for cotton cultivation of cotton. For example, they are trained to use water and pesticides more efficiently, promote safe working conditions and care for the health of the soil. Answer : Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the two major cotton producing states of North India. Cotton cultivation severely degrades soil quality. Cotton – Cotton is an important cash crop of the state with an area of about 5.83 lakh hectares. Rainfall: 50 cm to 100 cm rainfall is required for wheat cultivation. Gujarat and Maharastra are the two leading cotton … Growth follows a well-defined and consistent pattern expressed in days. It does not do well in regions that have prolonged dry or wet spells. Abundant sunshine and no rain is required during ripening and picking period. Soil: Fertile alluvial soil or mixed soil is ideal for wheat cultivation. Cultivation of Cotton & Jute in India Jute and Cotton are natural Fibres. Small patches for cultivation; Not sufficient for feeding a large population. Soil Requirement for Cotton Production:-Cotton can be cultivated in a wide range of soils. Geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton: Ans. Light rainfall, 210 frost free days, bright sunshine for its growth. Ans. Cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk are the major fibre crops of India. (b) Rainfall :- Annual rainfall should be between 75 cm and 100 cm, irrigation needed where low rainfall takes place. Describe the geographical conditions required for the cultivation of cotton. Kharif. Geographical conditions required for growing cotton are: (i) Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. 4.200 frost free days. Clear sunshine & proper moisture level during boll formation is required. c. Type- kharif crop . What geographical conditions are required for the growth of tea and coffee? The conditions required for their cultivation Cotton: Jute: It requires high temperature. Cotton is a fibre crop and it provides the raw material for cotton textiles. But cottonbursts out, high temperature is injurious. Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau. Also mention the major cotton producing states of India. High temperature required. Summer temperatures of 21°C to 27°C, and abundant sunshine is necessary during the growth of the plant. High temperature is harmful for the cultivation of wheat. Some weeding is required to help grow the plants. (ii) It requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation. Geographical Conditions of Growth: This is grown mainly as a dry crop. 2.Annual temperature required 20°-28°C. In the primary stage cold moisture rich climate and at the time of harvesting bright hot climate is required. Describe four geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton. The cotton plant requires high temperature ranging between 21 0 C to 30 0 C. Moderate rainfall ranging between 50 -75 cm is required fro the growth of plant. In areas where low rainfall is recorded, cotton is grown under irrigated conditions. The soil temperature must be 60 degrees Fahrenheit or higher for cotton seeds to successfully germinate. This is … Answer: Cotton plant needs 20 °C to 32 °C of temperature and at least 200 frost free days. A large amount of labour and capital are required. Immediately after this, the cotton fluff should be picked. The climatic condition for cotton cultivation is mentioned below : Seventy percent of cotton is rainfed. Cotton is a tropical or sub-tropical crop grown in semi-arid areas of the country (mainly in the Deccan Plateau). It requires high temperature, light, rainfall or irrigation. The sticky black cotton soil of Deccan Trap with greater moisture retaining capacity is ideal for cotton cultivation. But cotton bursts out, high temperature is injurious. Cotton: The Thirsty Crop. India has a major share of cultivation of jute and cotton of the world. 3. With so much cotton being produced globally, we have to take a closer look at some of the issues, concerns, and solutions to the production of this so-called “white gold” and ask – just how ethical is cotton? Hard-frost is injurious to cotton cultivation and it requires at least 210 frost-free days. These soil may include the red-brown, yellow-brown, grey-brown and black types. Cultivation of Jute in India Jute is an important natural fibre. 2.3).The largest cotton producing areas are located in the USA, China, Paraguay, Mexico, Pakistan, Australia, Brazil, the C.I.S., Turkey, Sudan and Egypt. It is defined as the science and art of cultivation of soil, raising crops and rearing livestock. Cotton requires a lot of water but is mostly grown in arid conditions. Grows well in black and alluvial soil. As it happens with tomato, pepper and other plants, cotton plants are perennial by nature. Answer : (i)The word agriculture is derived from the Latin words agri – meaning soil – and culture – meaning cultivation or tilling of soil. Only light-rainfall (50 to 100 centimetres) is preferred. Geographical requirement for sugarcane :-(a) Climate:- It is a tropical crop and it grows well in hot and humid climate with a temperatures of 21°C to 27°C. Name the fibre crops and the climatic conditions required for their growth. Although cotton can be grown between latitudes 30° N and 30° S, yield and fibre quality are considerably influenced by climatic conditions, and best qualities are obtained with high moisture levels resulting from rainfall or irrigation during the growing season and a dry, warm season during the picking period. 50-120 cm of rainfall well distributed during the period of growth.