Soc. Second, these findings further corroborate the previous proposition that although construal levels and psychological distance are related, they are not the same (Williams et al., 2014). doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2007.00455.x, Silvia, P. J., Winterstein, B. P., Willse, J. T., Barona, C. M., Cram, J. T., Hess, K. I., et al. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.74.5.1252, PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar, Baumeister, R. F., and Heatherton, T. F. (1996). Assessing creativity with divergent thinking tasks: exploring the reliability and validity of new subjective scoring methods. Orderliness involves paying attention while others speak. This experiment offers the new perspective of cognitive persistence to understand the influence of environmental orderliness on creative thinking. However, based on hypothesis 4, in the four studies, we expected participants to respond faster in the PD-incongruent condition than in the PD-congruent condition. The median split was used to sort participants into high vs. low self-control groups. In the seven IATs, responses were significantly (except for in 3B) faster in the incongruent condition (disorderliness + distance and orderliness + proximity) than in the congruent condition (orderliness + distance and disorderliness + proximity), all ts < −3.80, all ps < 0.05, and all Cohen’s d > 0.63 (the specific statistic values are shown in Figure 3). Conserving self-control strength. Sci. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2007.00534.x. Construal-level theory of psychological distance. Psychol. J. Pers. High-level construal refers to extracting the gist from available information; thus, representations are more abstract, coherent, integrative, structured, schematic, and decontextualized. The assumption is that a stronger association between the target and concept will result in a faster response. Mark. Find your way around “Orderliness of campus lifestyle predicts academic performance: a case study in Chinese university,” in Digital Phenotyping and Mobile Sensing. Criminology 37, 541–580. . However, although there is a typical mutual correlation between psychological distance and construal level, this does not mean that the effects of abstraction manipulations will necessarily coincide with the effects of psychological distance manipulations on the same representation, prediction, evaluation, or behavior (Williams et al., 2014). In addition, as mentioned previously, disorder perception or experiences elicit negative affect, including depression (Ross and Jang, 2000) and anxiety (Tullett et al., 2015), and so on. doi: 10.1038/381607a0, Oppenheimer, D. M. (2008). Upon arrival, they were randomly assigned to the orderly or disorderly condition. Soc. The mean time of these two measurements was designated Time 2 (Cronbach's α = 0.95). Pay particular attention to the cautions mentioned in every experiment. miRNA-21 is a microRNA that is highly enriched in endothelial cells. In nature and culture, order and disorder are present everywhere, and humans can avoid or eliminate neither order nor disorder (Koole and Van den Berg, 2005; Vohs et al., 2013). First, we found that the mechanisms previously mentioned, such as the sense of personal control, executive control, and heuristic processing, are closely related to self-control resources. The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of disorderly environment on consumers’ preferences for boundaries and the mediating effect of personal control in this process.,The authors examined hypotheses in two studies. Stimuli were presented via E-prime 2.0 software (Psychology Software Tools, Inc., 2007) and accessed through laboratory computers. The effect of the resulting orderliness was a greatly doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1999.tb00496.x, Canfield, R. L., and Haith, M. M. (1991). Ample research shows that psychological distance influences how people think (Trope and Liberman, 2003, 2010) and how people feel (Leaf et al., 2010). J. Exp. In Experiment 1, we explored whether trait self-control could moderate the effect of environmental orderliness on state behavioral self-control. How leaders self-regulate their task performance: evidence that power promotes diligence, depletion, and disdain. doi: 10.1207/s15327965pli0701_1, Baumeister, R. F., Muraven, M., and Tice, D. M. (2000). We tried to explain this moderating effect of trait self-control from the perspective of a resource model of self-control and the model of the dual pathway to creativity. The Powerful Psychology Behind Cleanliness How to stay organized, and reap the health benefits . Specifically, the average creativity scores of the participants with high trait self-control in the disorderly condition (Mdisorder = 3.01, SD = 0.42) were significantly higher than that of those in the orderly condition (Morder = 2.74, SD = 0.33), F(1, 118) = 9.32, p = 0.003, ηp2 = 0.07; there was no difference in the average scores of low self-control participants between the two conditions (Morder = 2.85, SD = 0.35; Mdisorder = 2.75, SD = 0.31), F(1, 118) = 1.21, p > 0.05, ηp2 = 0.01. Cleanliness can help prevent or reduce the occurrence of slips, trips, and falls in the workplace. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2010.05.013, Fujita, K., Trope, Y., Liberman, N., and Levin Sagi, M. (2006). The IATs for studies 2A–5B used the same eight “orderliness” and eight “disorderliness” items as in the IAT for study 1A. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.18.2.199, Kotabe, H. P. (2014). (1996). Rules and orderliness appeal to girls from an early age, and so arithmetic in elementary school comes easily to her. Therefore, the conceptual association found in study 1 might result in the common positive affective experiences induced by both high-level construal and orderliness (positive) versus the negative affect experiences triggered by low-level construal and disorderliness. State self-control behaviors can be measured by tasks such as the breath-holding task (Vohs and Schmeichel, 2003) and unsolvable puzzles (Baumeister et al., 1998; Chae and Zhu, 2014). J. Exp. J. Consum. The experiment was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the School of Psychology at the Shandong Normal University, and each participant signed the informed written consent form. Previous research has focused on the degree to which psychological distance is implicitly associated with an abstract mindset and has the same effects regarding representation, prediction, evaluation, and behavior (e.g., Bar-Anan et al., 2006; Trope et al., 2007; Trope and Liberman, 2010). Psych. NL contributed to the conception and design of the research. Response times for congruent and incongruent orderliness-distance pairings for studies 2A–5B. The data from the remaining 45 participants (20 males, mean age = 19.13 ± 0.99 years) in study 1A and 36 participants (16 males, mean age = 19.22 ± 1.37 years) in study 1B were used. MO 0603. The data of 10 participants with mean differences in time exceeding ±3 standard deviations and one participant with an unfinished questionnaire were excluded from the final analysis. Think. I did the Understand Myself test a few months ago and I've been pondering the results ever since. General Laboratory Directions: 1. Five experiments performed by Labroo and Patrick (2009) demonstrated that, compared with negative mood, a positive mood increased abstract construal, as reflected by the finding that positive smiling cues (vs. frowning) activated an abstract construal of activity; people in a positive mood preferred to construe actions more abstractly (i.e., the “why” aspect of an activity) than people in a negative mood; subjects in a positive mood valued academic goals as more important when primed by why they studied for exams (high-level construal condition), whereas subjects in a negative versus positive mood evaluated academic goals as more important when primed by how they studied for exams (low-level construal condition); and participants in a positive mood preferred products advertised with abstract framing. 2. Soc. Res. Therefore, the IAT may reflect the types of associations among orderliness/disorderliness, level of construal, and psychological distance that the present research aims to investigate. 2. a. Moreover, those fluently processing stimuli were judged as physically close. doi: 10.1037/h0077714, Russell, J. doi: 10.1086/449123, Taylor, R. B., and Shumaker, S. A. Sci. intra correlations should be high if they are properly measured. Follow a schedule. Furthermore, the four dimensions of psychological distance, i.e., spatial, temporal, social, and hypothetical, are interrelated (Yoav et al., 2007). (2002). “Limited resources for self-regulation: self- regulation and ego control,” in Self-Regulation and Ego Control, eds E. R. Hirt, J. J. Clarkson, and L. Jia (London: Springer), 1–17. Psychol. Divergent thinking, as the core of creative thinking, refers to thinking in multiple directions and can reorganize current information and existing knowledge and experience to generate more unique and novel ideas (Guilford, 1956). 23, 1215–1223. The word was “ordered or disordered” or the item was “superordinate or subordinate” in study 1A, and the word was “abstract or concrete” in study 1B. How is God revealed to us through nature? High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Dir. Construal-level theory of psychological distance. However, to our knowledge, there are still some questions to be answered, that is, are there individual differences in the dual effect of environmental orderliness? doi: 10.1073/pnas.1010076108, Muraven, M., Collins, R. L., Shiffman, S., and Paty, J. 46, 1049–1054. Soc. (2011). We used pairings of orderly and disorderly words that were either congruent or incongruent with words of psychological distance (temporal, spatial, social and hypotheticality dimensions). The secret life of fluency. Psychol. Oskar Hertwig (1892), one of the leaders of embryol­ ogy, proposed organicism as the true middle However, because disorder perception and high-level construal both trigger cognitively disfluent experiences compared to order perception and low-level construal, which have both been shown to elicit cognitively fluent experiences, alternative hypotheses should exist. Through it, individuals can solve problems flexibly and creatively, produce new and valuable creative products, and promote social progress. Res. Front. (2015) recently found that disgust is a negative-valenced emotion, causing a relatively more abstract construal rather than a concrete construal. When a participant’s accuracy rate was more than 2.5 SDs below the average accuracy, all of that participant’s data were excluded. Psychol. (2008). Nature 381, 607–609. God is revealed to us through the orderliness, purposefulness and vast wisdom in … Psychol. 35, 800–809. 13, 219–235. doi: 10.1016/j.jcps.2007.10.002, Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., and Tice, D. M. (2007). We assumed that trait self-control could moderate the influence of environmental orderliness on self-control. Considering that the improvement of the participants with low trait self-control in the disorderly condition was almost the same as that of people with high trait self-control in both the orderly and disorderly conditions, it was reasonable to infer that the orderly environment increased the persistence of the participants with low trait self-control, whereas the disorderly environment did not decrease the persistence. There were neither sex effects nor order sequence effects in these and subsequent experiments. Leuven. Psychol. Crim. (1977). The differences between the conditions were significant in both experiments. 5:606. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00606, Kotabe, H. P., Kardan, O., and Berman, M. G. (2016). Psychological distance has an impact on the affect intensity rather than the affect valence, in which distance versus proximity could reduce the intensity of both the pleasure associated with positive experiences and the displeasure associated with negative experiences. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.74.3.774, Niedernhuber, J., Kastenmueller, A., and Fischer, P. (2014). The measurement of individual differences in originality. Given that the definition of order is similar to that of high-level construal and order perception and high-level construal both trigger positive affect, and given that the definition of disorder is similar to that of low-level construal and disorder perception and low-level construal both elicit negative affect, we used pairings of orderly/disorderly words and words with different levels of construal that were either congruent with CLT or incongruent with CLT. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. action identification and human behavior. To The distinct affective consequences of psychological distance and construal level. was a one-off that was swiftly cast off. Sci. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.88.6.1014, Kotabe, H. P. (2014). Psychological distance mainly refers to perceiving events of when, where, whom, and whether it occurs, reflecting an automatic tendency of the mind (Trope and Liberman, 2003; Trope et al., 2007). Shun Zhang, and Dr. Qi Yu for their support in the evaluation of creative thinking, and Sujie Meng for her help in the data collection of Experiment 1. Basic Appl. In studies 2A and 2B, we examined temporal distance; in studies 3A and 3B, we examined spatial distance; in studies 4A and 4B, we examined social distance; and in studies 5A and 5B, we examined hypothetical distance. Arts 2, 68–85. Psychol. And yet, orderliness is more than organising our stuff. Psychol. doi: 10.1037/0893-164X.19.2.140, Muraven, M., Shmueli, D., and Burkley, E. (2006). Gen. 136, 610–622. (2014) directly proposed and demonstrated that construal level could influence evaluation via shifting of affective valence; that is, experiences seemed more positive in an abstract manner than in a concrete manner, even if an experience was assumed to be negative and disliked. It has been shown that ego depletion leads individuals to be more inclined to use a low construal level (Bruyneel and Dewitte, 2012), and a low construal level is more unfavorable to creative thinking (Förster et al., 2004; Jia et al., 2009; Polman and Emich, 2011). The results of studies 1A–1B provided support for hypothesis 1, that people tended to associate orderliness concepts with concepts of high-level construal (categories or abstractness) and disorderliness concepts with concepts of low-level construal (exemplars or concreteness) more than they tended to associate orderliness concepts with concepts of low-level construal and disorderliness concepts with concepts of high-level construal. Tools, Inc., 2007, p 68 ) K. J control the... Their expansive underground burrows, chipmunks build storage rooms, kitchens,,! Influences the amount of available resources, and Mendelsohn, G. a two modes of self-control behaviors whereas... 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