The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. It is also known as Chuvarchithra Nagari which literally means ‘City of Murals. 8. Central teams deployed to visit the affected states in Kerala, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh for monitoring and for epidemiological investigation have reached their destinations, the DAH&D said. The characteristic pattern of this phenomenon is the swift and sudden downslope movement of highly water saturated overburden containing a varied assemblage of debris material ranging in size from soil particles to boulders, destroying and carrying with it every thing that is lying in its path. Sri Lanka. As a result, Kerala averages some 120–140 rainy days per year. Increasing floodplain occupancy results in increasing flood damages. Many of the first Malayalam dailies and magazines have their headquarters in Kottayam. Western Ghats bounds the district in the East , Kozhikkode and Wayanad districts, in the South, Lakshadeep sea in the West and Kasaragod, the northern most district of Kerala, in the North. The rivers flow faster, owing to the hilly terrain and as the short distance between the Western Ghats and the sea. Required fields are marked *. For the same reason, this district is also known as ‘Sapta Bhasha Sangama Bhoomi’ or ‘Land of union of 7 languages’. Alappuzha – The most beautiful district of Kerala, with greenery and backwaters, it is one of the best tourist locations of the country. The most densely populated district of Kerala, it also includes maximum statues of the state. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. 7. Finally, Kerala's coastal belt is relatively flat, teeming with paddy fields, groves of coconut trees, and heavily crisscrossed by a network of interconnected canals and rivers. It’s also called Pazhassi Dam. More than 2000 temples are located here. Here, rolling hills and shallow valleys fill a gentler landscape than the highlands. The name is first described in the script – ‘Naalayiram Prabhandham’ authored by Vaishnavite poet Nammaazhvar who lived in A. D. 900. Nearly 2.5 lakh candidates, more than half of them rebels and non-serious candidates, will be vying to get elected to 395 local bodies in the five south and south-eastern districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha and Idukki. Eastern Kerala consists of land encroached upon by the Western Ghats; the region thus includes high mountains, gorges, and deep-cut valleys. India’s largest and Asia’s second largest earth dam – Banasura Sagar Dam is situated here. The increase in population and subsequent expansion in irrigated agriculture, and industrial growth necessitated the exploitation of more water resources. →  Land transportation network (e.g., roads). This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 21:01. West Bengal is a state in the eastern region of India and is the nation's fourth-most populous. State Highway 7 Route information Maintained by Kerala Public Works Department Length 32.8 km (20.4 mi) Major junctions From Thiruvalla To It is also known as Thiruvalla-Pathanamthitta-Kumbazha Highway.This State Highway origins and ends within the Pathanamthitta District.. A number of extreme flood events occurred during the last century causing considerable damage to life and property highlight the necessity for proper flood management measures in the State. Kerala’s first amusement park, Fantasy Park was established here. The most important of Kerala's forty-four rivers include the Periyar (244 km in length), the Bharathapuzha (209 km), the Pamba River (176 km),the chaliyar river(169) the Chalakudy Puzha(144 km), the Kadalundipuzha (130 km), and the Achancoil (128 km). info)) is a state on the southwestern Malabar Coast of India.It was formed on 1 November 1956, following the passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions of the erstwhile states of Travancore-Cochin and Madras.. There is one mirror temple for Jains with interior walls fully decorated by mirrors – Glass temple of Koottamunda. Located at the extreme southern tip of the Indian subcontinent, Kerala lies near the center of the Indian tectonic plate (the Indian Plate); as such most of the state (notwithstanding isolated regions) is subject to comparatively little seismic or volcanic activity. Hence any occurrence of extreme events is likely to be more catastrophic in nature for the people living in these districts. During older days, houseboats were constructed using Aini (Aanjil tree) and tied using ropes. My Words & Thoughts © 2021. As this tsunami is believed to be first of its kind to have significantly affected the Kerala coast, the post-tsunami field investigations and measurements would give valuable information on various changes brought by the tsunami. Idukki also tops in topographic isolation among all places of India. Interestingly though the name of the ground is Thekkumkadu Maidan, which can be literally translated as ‘Maidan with teak forests’, there was not even a single teak tree before year 1970. Powered by  - Designed with the Hueman theme, Asia’s second largest & India’s largest earth dam. Eastern Kerala consists of land encroached upon by the Western Ghats; the region thus includes high mountains, gorges, and deep-cut valleys. [7] The initiation of most of the landslides were in typical hollows generally having degraded natural vegetation. Geographically, Kerala roughly divides into three climatically distinct regions. The wildest lands are covered with dense forests, while other regions lie under tea and coffee plantations (established Some historians believe that it was started in the memory of the establishment of Kollam town, while a few others believe that it was exactly the same year when state capital was changed to Kollam. Many great Indian leaders like Mahatma  Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajiv Gandhi, Vajpayee, Narendra Modi etc have visited this place and delivered speeches. Onmanorama. Immediately after the tsunami, several organizations have carried out field surveys in many affected areas along the coast.[4]. Research in Geography is carried out in a variety of organizations like Department of Geography, University College, National Centre for Earth Sciences Studies, Kannur University etc. Major lakes of Kerala include: The Western Ghats is a continuous mountain range of 450 km along the eastern side of Kerala. The west facing Western Ghats scarps that runs the entire extent of the mountain system is the most prone physiographic unit for landslides. ‘Kettuvallam’ (a type of boat) is the cultural symbol of Alappuzha. On 1 January 1957, the Malabar district was divided into the districts of Kozhikode, Palakkad, and Kannur. In those days, Vadakkunnatha Siva temple was also surrounded by dense forests. [4], The highlands of Kerala experience several types of landslides, of which debris flows are the most common. Kollam – This district is also known as ‘Cashew capital of the world’. First radio station and television transmission station of the state were also started here. 5. Single Lava – Kusa temple of Kerala is situated in Pulpally. For a first time visitor, the districts that matters the most are Eranakulam, Idukki and Alappuzha. They are called 'Urul Pottall' in the local vernacular. There are many theories surrounding ‘Kollavarsham’. [4], Kerala has been experiencing increasing incidents of drought in the recent past due to the weather anomalies and developmental pressures resulting from the changes in land use, traditional practices, and life style of the people. Banasura Sagar Dam – Asia’s second largest & India’s largest earth dam. The water scarcity in summer is mainly reflected in dry rivers and lowering of water table. Parts of Kerala's lowlands may average only 1250 mm annually while the cool mountainous eastern highlands of Idukki district – comprising Kerala's wettest region – receive in excess of 5,000 mm of orographic precipitation (4,200 crore of which are available for human use) annually. [5] The highlands of the region experience an annual average rainfall as high as 500 cm from the South-West, North-East and Pre-Monsoon showers. 3. Kerala is a state tucked away in the southwest corner of India. Kasaragod – This district has numerous religious monuments, temples and mosques built on the principles of Kerala Vasthu. The Western Ghats rises on average to 1500 m elevation above sea level. Kerala, which lies in the tropic region, is mostly subject to the type of humid tropical wet climate experienced by most of Earth's rainforests. These include the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains). Certain peaks may reach to 2500 m. Just west of the mountains lie the midland plains, comprising a swathe of land running along central Kerala. It forms almost an unbroken wall guarding the eastern frontier and helps the people of Kerala to lead a sheltered life of their own through the centuries. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Some 63% of tribals reside in the eastern districts of Wayanad (where 35.82% are tribals), Palakkad (1.02%), and Idukki (15.66%). District was divided into 14 revenue districts show a higher density of population and property natural.... The water scarcity problems are severe in the land of Anantha is also conducted here summer! Less the state is located here are entirely monsoon-fed and many of them into... As Akshara Nagari or land of lakes and backwaters, and deep-cut valleys World Sites! In water level in Periyar had a major impact on the flood problems are likely to be more catastrophic nature. 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